கேள்வி - பதில்

ராமங்கலிங்கம்: I have planted three years ago mango saplings in my field of 8 acres of clayey soil, planted again and again 2000 plants, only 500 is surviving , how to grow in clay soils and also whether i may go with this or wind up to some other horticulture . my field often affected by waterlogging in winter and i am having no water problem , i have uswed both bio and chemical fertiliser.

மதுரைவீரன் :It is possible to grow mango in clay soil provided water logging is prevented. Mango is shy of water logging. This often kills the young plants due to root suffocation (even feeder roots of old plants suffer). To avoid this, big trenches across the slope (may be 2 - 3 ft wide, 1 - 1 1/2 ft depth and convenient length) can be made and the trenches can be cahnnelized along the boundaries of the fileds so that excess water can be drained. Training and pruning is important during July - August to promote flowering shoots. Fertilizer application based on soil test is also very important during June and Sep - October and further application based on needs. If all these operations are O K, you can continue with mango, otherwise you can switch over to crops like Brinjal.

மாணவன்: i have 1pot plant semparuthi sedi last 1yr its only very small plant and few flowers.how to increase plant growth and flowers

குறிஞ்சிபாடியார்:buy any available plant growth regulater like planofix or humic acid like that and spray @ 1 ml of chemical along with 2.5 lit of water twice in a month. and also apply little quantity of vermicompost on it. kept the pot under sunshine for minimum 6 hours. it will be all right.

சிவகுருநாதன் :I am from Tirupatur vellore dist.I am not a former but from farming background.I dont know weather is this the right forum to ask question , still request ur guidance.
We have 2 Acres of coconut trees around 100.
Type of land : Chalky Soils:
irrigation : Ground water 15 days once.
Problem : The trees became week and become thin and getting dried one by one.Do you suggest any kind of fertilizer or some method to preserve?
Please help.

மதுரைவீரன் :The details are very vague. however, i guess from his statement that the soil may be of calcareous nature (chalky). A lot of green manure is to be applied. In tamil we call it kolinji kulai. ( at least 25 kg per tree). The age of the tree is not known. The trees may be given a dose of 1/2 kg gypsum, 2 kg ammonium sulfate, 2 kg super phosphate and 3 kg potash, 1 kg coconut MN mix (widely available with Govt depot which has good effect) for a tree of 5 years and above age. apply the above dose 1/5th if tree is 1 year old, 2/5th if 2 years old, 3/5th if 3 years old, 4/5th if 4 years old. Irrigation frequency has to be increased. equally care to be given if any drainage problem in the field. Also look for pest / disease incidence. Do soil test.

கணபதி :ரெம்ப ஆசைப்பட்டு ஒரு மாங்கொட்டை விதை போட்டு தொட்டிய்ல் வளர்த்து தற்போது நிலத்தில்
உன்ரயுள்ளேன் .அனால் துளிர் விடுகிறது கிழே உள்ள மா இலைகள் கருகுகின்றன என்னை செயாட்டும் பதில் சொன்னால்
மிக்க நன்றி

மதுரைவீரன் :Details are not clear. However, I guess, the soil may have hardened with irrigation and respiration may be a problem. Dig the soil near the plant, loosen it, apply 250 gms of vermicompost and then gently irrigate. This type of digging and loosening to continue on weekly basis. vermicompost application can be done after 2 months.

சிவா :நான் பன்னிரெண்டாம் வகுப்பில் வேளாண்மைக் கல்வியினை ஒரு பாடமாக படித்து நல்ல மதிப்பெண்ணில் தேர்ச்சி பெற்றுள்ளேன். எனக்கு இதற்குமேல்கல்லூரியில்சென்றுபடிக்க இயலவில்லை. எனவே வீட்டிலிருந்தே நான் இத்துறையில் பட்டப்படிப்பு படிக்க ஏதேனும் வழி இருக்கிறதா?
அப்படி ஏதேனும் வழிகள் இருந்தால் அதற்கான விளக்கங்களை தெரிவிக்குமாறும், அதற்கான வழிமுறைகளை அளிக்குமாறும் கேட்டுக்கொள்கிறேன்.

சதுக்கபூதம்I don't know about any degree course in agricultue.
But Annamalai University offers lot of certificate courses in different areas in agriculture.
IGNOU started some Associate degree course in Farm management.
They have tie up with National Agro Foundation community collegein TN. They offer job oriented in house training courses.
For further information about IGNOU course, You can contact nafsree@rediffmail.com
For further information about Annamalai university agriculture related distance education, you can contact jaybabu74@rediffmail.com
Please let me know if you need any more information

Gomathy: We had two types of soil Clay and Sandy
My father use to grow two varieties of rice namely Co-43 (super ponni) and Co-37 (gundu arisi) alternatively. We grow two times per year.
As labour charges rise heavily, we adapted new technology, used Plastic Drum Seeder for direct seeding of rice and Cono Weeder to remove weeds between rows of paddy crop to reduce planting cost of seed and manpower.
Even though we adapt this new technology, we cant able to get that much profit as weed (pillu) seed become more in our land, we can’t control it.

My father used some pesticides for controlling weeds but it also doesn’t help us fully.

I need your help for my father future as he is alone and no one is their to help him. In future if he want to continue his farming which crop you will suggest him that will be best for him to maintain alone without getting help from any one and earn profit through that in 1 acre of land.

For our soil types which crop will be best to grow and easy to cultivate.

It is not clear what material was applied for weed control and when. Drum seeding in rice is definitely profitable provided weeds are taken care of properly. The land should be ploughed, levelled (this is very important for control of weeds). Weedicide should be applied (pretilachlor @ 1/2 lit per acre or Oxadiargyl @ 30gms per acre) can be applied on 3rd or 5th day after sowing. This gives good initial weed control.

Apart from this, it is difficult to suggest a crop without knowing the water position, quality, drainage during rainy season etc. If such details are avilable, some suggestions can be made.